User Log On
Gallery

Simple Salvation Church of God Simple Salvation Church of God

THE ORIGIN OF "HELL" THE ORIGIN OF "HELL"

This post has been viewed 3624 times.

Printable Version
Email to a Friend
Subscribe: Email, RSS

THE ORIGIN OF "HELL"

Posted by: admin on Sat, Feb 11, 2017

from merciful truth site the truth about "the English word Hell and its mis use

The Origin of "Hell"

 FROM http://mercifultruth.com/the-real-hell.html

In this section we will examine hell's origins, as men have translated it in our Bibles - for those interested in a fuller study into scriptural and historic realities. Those having been raised believing in hell (similar to a growing number of Christians who are also now rejecting it) may be interested in its roots. Many people from young ages are disciplined to receive and abide by doctrinal creeds before opening a Bible. Many react in anger at the mere suggestion that God may not actually abandon his creation to an eternal hellhole of pain and defeat. Imagine that

Nevertheless, truth will always withstand scrutiny, and it reveals depraved perversions within church traditions, which run contrary to God's deep love and perfection in his workings. They do not know the power of God. Not only is the very concept of a demonic house of terror unscriptural, abhorrent and outright sadistic, it solicits the lie that justice cannibalizes love. How many times will someone say "God is love, but he is also just" as though the two must be mutually exclusive? This shows what a mess the hell doctrine is.

"Hell" is neither a Hebrew or a Greek word (both Old and New Testaments were written in those languages), nor did it primarily indicate "a place of torment." Biblical translators actually derived it from a secular German word - spelled hel - meaning nothing more than concealed or covered. The concept of a demon regulated horror-house was indeed derived from that word, but it actually evolved from Teutonic mythology.

Not only is hell an ancient pagan tradition (not at all unique to Christianity), but the ancient Israelites did not understand death that way according to the Holy Scripture. This is why modernBible translations are completely evicting that word from the Old Testament! Now, why would any Bible translation seek to remove a word unless it did not belong there in the first place? Because this disgusting fable, originated from a place other than God's Holy Word - yet was craftily slipped in by the dogma motivated church of ages past.

Example: as demonstrated below, the King James Version erratically assigns two meanings ("hell" and "the grave") to one Hebrew word: "sheol" (pronounced showl). How many minds have been influenced by this vulgar, hypocritical manipulation? Do "hell" and "the grave" mean the same thing? Ask the church, ask anyone, and they will say "of course not!" In fact, open a modern Bible, and you will find they have all silently eliminated this deceit! How have they repaired this glaring contradiction? Not by translating sheol as hell consistently. Quite the opposite. They fixed the problem by contradicting the King James Version outright, and eliminating "hell" from the Old Testament altogether!

But, unfamiliar to the Christian majority, the word "hell," in the entire Bible was actually translated from four unique words: SheolGehenna (a valley in Jerusalem used for dumping refuse), Hades, and Tartarus. Below are a few charts detailing these words to demonstrate how they were translated. For anyone new to the Bible, the NIV stands for New International Version, one of the most popular modern Bibles used in churches worldwide.

Here is an example: the King James translators rendered the Hebrew word sheol as "the grave" 31 times, but, they translated it as "hell" 31 times. Now, the the Israelites believed that everyone- good or bad, great or small - goes to sheol when they die. Conveniently, as evidenced in the two exemplary scriptures below, the word was rendered "grave" when God's people were said to go to Sheol, and "hell" at other times. 

Genesis 44:31
It shall come to pass, when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he (Jacob) will die: and thy servants shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave (sheol). 

Proverbs 9:18 
But he knoweth not that the dead are there; and that her guests are in the depths ofhell (sheol).

This section of this site is not intended to explain the meanings of "sheol" "hades" "gehenna" or "tartarus." This page is more intended to provide translation charts to compare between the King James version of the Bible, and other versions. For an excellent study regarding the origins of the "hell" concept, I have provided these excellent papers by on the subject. These links will open a window to www.bible-truths.com:

1) "Sheol" (translated gravetranslated hell)
2) The origin of "endless punishment" (read paper
3) The Christian Hell is a Christian Hoax (read paper
4) "Gehenna" (paper 1paper 2paper 3
5) "Hades and Tartarus" (read paper)

The deeper meaning in "Lazarus and the Rich Man"
This parable has been often misunderstood to prove the existence of eternal torment. But is there a deeper meaning here than often understood?

Translation of the word "Sheol" in the Old Testament

 

1611 KJV

King James Version

NIV

NKJV

YLT

CLT

Latin Vulgate

Gn. 37:35
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

infernum

Gn. 42:38
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

inferos

Gn. 44:29
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

inferos

Gn. 44:31
graue
grave
grave
grave

Sheol

unseen

inferos

Nu. 16:30
pit
pit
grave *2
pit

Sheol

unseen

infernum

Nu. 16:33
pit
pit
grave
pit

Sheol

unseen

infernum

Dt. 32:22

hell

lowest hell

death

hell

Sheol

unseen

inferni

1Sa. 2:6
graue
grave
grave
grave

Sheol

unseen

infernum

2Sa. 22:6
hell
hell
grave *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

inferi

1Ki. 2:6
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

inferos

1Ki. 2:9
graue
grave
grave
grave

Sheol

unseen

infernum

Job 7:9
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

inferos

Job 11:8
hell
hell
grave *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

inferno

Job 14:13
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

inferno

Job 17:13
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

inferus

Job 17:16
pit
pit

death *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

infernum

  1611 KJV King James Version NIV NKJV YLT

CLT

Latin Vulgate

Job 21:13
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

inferna

Job 24:19
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

inferos

Job 26:6
hell
hell

Death *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

infernus

Ps. 6:5
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

inferno

Ps. 9:17
hell
hell
grave *2
hell

Sheol

unseen

infernum*11

Ps. 16:10
hell
hell
grave *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

n/a

Ps. 18:5
hell
hell
grave *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

n/a

Ps. 30:3
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

n/a

Ps. 31:17
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

n/v

Ps. 49:14
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

n/a

Ps. 49:14*5
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

n/a

Ps. 49:15
graue
grave
grave
grave

Sheol

unseen

n/a

Ps. 55:15
hell
hell
grave *2
hell

Sheol

unseen

n/v

Ps. 86:13
hell
hell
grave *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

n/v

Ps. 88:3
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

n/a

Ps. 89:48
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

n/v

  1611 KJV King James Version NIV NKJV YLT

CLT

Latin Vulgate

Ps. 116:3
hell
hell
grave *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

n/v

Ps. 139:8
hell
hell

depths *2

hell

Sheol

unseen

n/a

Ps. 141:7

graues

grave
grave *2
grave

*6

unseen

n/a

Pr. 1:12
graue
grave
grave *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

infernus

Pr. 5:5
hell
hell
grave *2
hell

Sheol

unseen

inferos

Pr. 7:27
hell
hell
grave *2
hell

Sheol

unseen

inferi

Pr. 9:18
hell
hell
grave *2
hell

Sheol

unseen

inferni

Pr. 15:11
hell
hell

Death *2

hell

Sheol

unseen

infernus

Pr. 15:24
hell
hell
grave *2
hell

Sheol

unseen

inferno

Pr. 23:14
hell
hell

death *2

hell

Sheol

unseen

inferno

Pr. 27:20
hell
hell

Death*2

hell

Sheol

unseen

infernus

Pr. 30:16
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

infernus

Ec. 9:10
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

inferos

SS. 8:6
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

inferus

Is. 5:14
hell
hell
grave *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

infernus

Is. 14:9
hell

hell *9

grave *2
hell

Sheol

unseen

infernus

  1611 KJV King James Version NIV NKJV YLT

CLT

Latin Vulgate

Is. 14:11
hell
grave
grave

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

inferos

Is. 14:15

hel*10

hell
grave

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

infernum

Is. 28:15
hell
hell
grave *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

inferno

Is. 28:18
hell
hell
grave

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

inferno

Is. 38:10
graue
grave

death*2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

inferi

Is. 38:18
graue
grave
grave *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

infernus

Is. 57:9
hell
hell
grave *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

inferos

Ez. 31:15
graue
grave
grave *2
hell

Sheol

unseen

inferos

Ez. 31:16
hell
hell
grave
hell

Sheol

unseen

infernum

Ez. 31:17
hell
hell
grave
hell

Sheol

unseen

infernum

Ez. 32:21
hell
hell
grave *2
hell

Sheol

unseen

inferni

Ez. 32:27
hell
hell
grave
hell

Sheol

unseen

infernum

Ho. 13:14
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

mortis

Ho. 13:14*5
graue
grave
grave *2
grave

Sheol

unseen

inferne

Am. 9:2
hell
hell
grave *2
hell

Sheol

unseen

infernum

Jon. 2:2
hell

hell *9

grave *2

Sheol

Sheol

unseen

inferni *12

Hab. 2:5
hell
hell
grave *2
hell

Sheol

unseen

infernus


KeyKJV = King James Version; NKJV = New King James Version; NIV = New International Version

*2 the footnote says Hebrew Sheol 
*3 note says sheol or hades 
*4 note says Hebrew to Sheol 
*5 the word sheol occurs twice in the verse. 
*6 Saul, not Sheol 
*7 Margin: " that is, from destruction" 
*8 NASB: Sheol, NRSV: grave 
*9 marg. or, The grave {The New Englishman's Hebrew Concordance, p.1220}. 
*10 spelled with one L in the original 
*11 verse 18 in the Latin Vulgate and Douay-Rheims Bibles. 
*12 verse 3 in the Latin Vulgate and Douay-Rheims Bibles. 
*13 verse 3 in the Latin Vulgate and Douay-Rheims Bibles. 
*** The Latin Vulgate is one of the earliest translations of the Hebrew and Greek scripture used before the King James Version was translated in 1611.

KJV= King James Version 
NKJV= New King James Version 
YLT = Young's Literal Translation 
Ro = Rotherham's Emphasized Bible 
NIV = New International Version (one of the most read modern translations in the world)

N/A = Not Available. The word does not appear in these verses in the Vulgate. 
N/V = No Verse. The verse does not appear in the Vulgate.

Note: Ez. 31:16-17 
Note: Grave was spelled graue in 1611 KJV and Geneva bible

Translation of the word "Hades" in the New Testament

  1611 KJV

KJV

NIV

Geneva

NKJV

CLT

Vulgate

Mt. 11:23
hell
hell

depths

hell

Hades

unseen

infernum

Mt. 16:18
hell
hell

Hades

hel *4

Hades

unseen

inferi

Lk. 10:15
hell
hell

depths

hell

Hades

unseen

infernum

Lk. 16:23
hell
hell

hell *7

hell

Hades

unseen

inferno

Ac. 2:27
hell
hell
grave
grave

Hades

unseen

inferno

Ac. 2:31
hell
hell
grave
grave

Hades

unseen

inferno

1Cor. 15:55**

grave*2

grave

death

grave

Hades

death

mors

Rv. 1:18
hell
hell

Hades

hell

Hades

unseen

inferni

Rv. 6:8
hell
hell

Hades

Hell *5

Hades

unseen

inferus

Rv. 20:13

hell *3

hell

Hades

hell

Hades

unseen

inferus

Rv. 20:14
hell
hell

Hades

hell

Hades

unseen

inferus

 

*1 prop. unseen {Strong's #86}
*2 margin "Or,hell" 
*3 margin "Or,hell" in some 1611 printings. Some printings had "grave" in the text and "Or, hell" in the margin. Clearly some peculiar intentional hanky panky going on. 
*4 spelled with one L in the original
*5 Capitalized in the original 
*7 footnote says Greek Hades 
*8 Hades] The unseen World, the adobe of departed spirits, In the A.V. both this word and 'Gehenna' are rendered 'Hell.' Each occurs twelve times. In this translation the two words are everywhere kept distinct.

**In the King James Version, 1 Corinthians 15:55 reads: "O death, where is thy sting? O grave (hades), where is thy victory?"

This is a reference to the Old Testament: Hosea 13:34: "I will ransom them from the power of the grave (sheol); I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave (sheol), I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes."

Translation of the word "Gehenna" in the New Testament

 

1611 KJV

KJV & NIV & NKJV

Geneva

NASB

YLT

Vulgate

Mt. 5:22

hell fire

hell

hell *3

hell *6

Gehenna

gehennae

Mt. 5:29
hell
hell
hell
hell

Gehenna

gehennam

Mt. 5:30
hell
hell
hell
hell

Gehenna

gehennam

Mt. 10:28
hell
hell
hell
hell

Gehenna

gehennam

Mt. 18:9

hell fire

hell

hell fire

hell

Gehenna

gehennam

Mt. 23:15
hell
hell
hell
hell

Gehenna

gehennae

Mt. 23:33
hell
hell

hell *4

hell

Gehenna

gehennae

Mk. 9:43
hell
hell
hell
hell

Gehenna

gehennam

Mk. 9:45
hell
hell
hell
hell

Gehenna

gehennam

Mk. 9:47

hel fire*1

hell

hellfire

hell

Gehenna

gehennam

Lk. 12:5
hell
hell
hell
hell

Gehenna

gehennam

Js. 3:6*2
hell
hell

hell *5

hell

Gehenna

gehenna

 


Jeremiah prophesied that one day this land - a garbage dump in Jerusalem called Gehenna - would one day be holy unto the Lord: "'The time is coming,' says the LORD, 'when all Jerusalem will be rebuilt for me, from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate. A measuring line will be stretched out over the hill of Gareb and across to Goah. And the entire area--including the graveyard and ash dump in the valley (that's Gehenna), and all the fields out to the Kidron Valley on the east as far as the Horse Gate--will be holy to the LORD.'" (Jer. 31:38-40)

Many people claim that this Gehenna (otherwise known as the Valley of Hinnom) represents a hell of eternal suffering. Now, if Gehenna really symbolizes "hell" (though it really does not) and Gehenna will be holy to God, then wouldn't it also make sense to say that hell will someday be holy to God?

*1 spelled with one L in the original
*2 The only other person in the N.T. besides Jesus who uses this term Gehenna. 
*3 Margin reads: "Whereas we read here, Hell, it is in the text itself, Gehenna, which is an Hebrew word made of two, and it asmuch to say, as the Valley of Hinnon, which otherwise Hebrews called Tophet : It was a place where the Israelites were went most cruelly to sacrifice their children to false gods, whereupon it was taken for a place appointed to torment the reprobates in Jerem. 7:31. 
*4 Margin reads: "Look Chap 5. Verse 22." 
*5 Margin reads: "So the Grecians called the deep dungeons under the earth, which should be appointed to torment the souls of the wicked in." 
*6 note says Gr., Gehenna

Translation of the word "Tartarus" in the New Testament 

  1611 KJV KJV, NKJV Geneva NIV NRSV YLT & CLT Roth Vulgate
2Pt. 2:4*1
hell
hell
hell

hell *2

hell *3

Tartarus

lowest hades

tartarum

 

*1 The only places in the Bible where this term appears 
*2 note says Greek tartarus 
*3 note says Greek tartaroo

The Perpetrators

Introduction: The following quotes from early philosophers and Church Fathers prove where the modern concept of a "Hell of everlasting punishment" came from. The quotes also expose those who are still perpetuating those concepts. The first group of quotes represents proof regarding the originators of the concept. The second group of quotations are from Christian leaders who have been instrumental in perpetuating these diabolical thoughts.

Polybius, the ancient historian, says: "Since the multitude is ever fickle, full of lawless desires, irrational passions and violence, there is no other way to keep them in order but by the fear and terror of the invisible world; on which account our ancestors seem to me to have acted judiciously, when they contrived to bring into the popular belief these notions of the gods, and of the infernal regions." B. vi 56.

Strabo, the geographer, says: "The multitude are restrained from vice by the punishments the gods are said to inflict upon offenders, and by those terrors and threatenings which certain dreadful words and monstrous forms imprint upon their minds...For it is impossible to govern the crowd of women, and all the common rabble, by philosophical reasoning, and lead them to piety, holiness and virtue - but this must be done by superstition, or the fear of the gods, by means of fables and wonders; for the thunder, the aegis, the trident, the torches (of the Furies), the dragons, &c., are all fables, as is also all the ancient theology. These things the legislators used as scarecrows to terrify the childish multitude." Geog., B. I

Tertullian (considered by many to be the father of modern church doctrine) "At that greatest of all spectacles, that last and eternal judgment how shall I admire, how laugh, how rejoice, how exult, when I behold so many proud monarchs groaning in the lowest abyss of darkness…"

Gerhard "The Blessed will see their friends and relations among the damned as often as they like but without the least of compassion.

Jonathan Edwards "Reprobate infants are vipers of vengeance, which Jehovah will hold over hell, in the tongs of his wrath, till they turn and spit venom in his face!" "The view of the misery of the damned will double the ardour of the love and gratitude of the saints of heaven."

Charles Spurgeon (Commonly called the "Prince of Preachers" for being a preacher of great eloquence) "I further believe, although certain persons deny it, that the influence of fear is to be exercised over the minds of men and that it ought to operate upon the mind of the preacher himself."

Thomas Aquinas "That the saints may enjoy their beatitude more thoroughly, and give more abundant thanks for it to God, a perfect sight of the punishment of the damned is granted them"

Jeremy Taylor "Husbands shall see their wives, parents shall see their children tormented before their eyes…the bodies of the damned shall be crowded together in hell like grapes in a wine-press, which press on another till they burst…"

Richard Baxter "It is not a terrible thing to a wretched soul, when it shall lie roaring perpetually in the flames of hell, and the God of mercy himself shall laugh at them; when…God shall mock them instead of relieving them; when none in heaven or earth can help them but God, and he shall rejoice over them in their calamity ." – (The Saint's Everlasting Rest” 1846)

Reverend J. Furniss, C.S.S.R "The fifth dungeon is the red hot oven. The little child is in the red hot oven. Hear how it screams to come out; see how it turns and twists itself about in the fire. It beats its head against the roof of the oven. It stamps its little feet on the floor." (The Sight of Hell - Quoted from Christ Triumphant by Thomas Allin)

Reverend E.B. Pusey, D.D. "Gather in one, in your mind, an assembly of all those men and women, from whom, whether in history or in fiction, your memory most shrinks, gather in mind all that is loathsome, most revolting * * * conceive the fierce, fiery eyes of hate, spite, frenzied rage, ever fixed on thee, looking thee through and through with hate * * * hear those yells of blaspheming concentrated hate, as they echo along the lurid vault of hell; everyone hating everyone * * * Yet a fixedness in that state in which the hardened malignant sinner dies, involves, without any further retribution of God, this endless misery." (Quoted from Christ Triumphant by Thomas Allin)

- - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Voltaire "Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities.

   Discussion: THE ORIGIN OF "HELL"

No messages have been posted.

You must first create an account to post.